Basic manual for the cultivation of succulent plants of the Sedum genus. Essential tips that apply to most species.
The genus Sedum (family Crassulaceae) has more than 300 species of highly variable herbaceous succulent plants that live mainly in fresh areas of the planet (temperate areas); There are native species of the tropics. Even so, tens or hundreds of species adapt perfectly to grow in tropical and subtropical climates, being very common in collections around the world. These plants are mainly used for decoration of xerophyte gardens or for growing in pots. Some species are ideal as covert plants that manage to invade empty spaces in gardens in a short time.
Species of the Sedum genus with a very compact foliage
In this post, we want to provide the essential care of this genus of plants to keep them always vigorous and beautiful.
Tips for the cultivation of succulent plants of the genus Sedum
All species of this genus require a lot of lighting to grow compact and bloom in their maximum splendor. Even so, it is important that the foliage does not receive the intense midday sun because it can suffer irreversible burns. It is recommended to grow these plants in semi-shade but receive at least the sun in the early hours of the morning and late in the afternoon.
The ideal temperature range for most species is between 8 °C-26 °C. Many species inhabit temperate zones and are therefore able to survive when temperatures are very low. In some cases, frost causes the dryness of the green areas of some species that sprout again when winter ends.
They prefer a poor substrate in organic matter with rapid water drainage. Some species grow naturally between rock crevices with a very little substrate. A commercial substrate for succulents can be used with a coarse sand aggregate.
In this group of plants, it is not an aspect of great importance because they survive in both humid and dry environments.
They are quite resistant to lack of AGU to tolerate one weekly watering or every 10 days during the seasons most warm of the year and monthly during winter. Do not water if temperatures decrease from 8ºC.
Plagues and diseases:
The pests that harm these plants the most are the mealybugs and mainly the cottony ones. In addition, they can be affected by various mollusks (snails and slugs), mites and pathogenic fungi.
They propagate mainly by cuttings of stems and even by cuttings of leaves in some species.